Who Gets Brain Cancer?
- In 2018, 904 new cases of brain and other central nervous system (CNS) cancer were diagnosed in Ohio, at a rate of 6.7 per 100,000 persons.
- Brain and other CNS cancer is one of the leading types of cancer affecting children and adolescents (ages 0-19).
- In 2018, 100 cases were reported among children and adolescents in Ohio.
- Males have a 40% higher incidence rate than females.
Brain Cancer Deaths
- In 2019, 674 deaths from brain and other CNS cancer occurred in Ohio.
- In Ohio, brain and other CNS cancer death rates were relatively stable from 2010 to 2019.
- Whites have nearly a 2X higher mortality rate than Blacks.
- In Ohio, five-year relative survival for brain and other CNS cancer was: 32% for all ages and 79% among children and adolescents (ages 0-19).
Risk Factors for Brain Cancer
- Age: Tumor risk increases steadily with age.
- Sex/Race: Males and whites are at greater risk.
- Radiation Exposure: Radiation to the head given to treat other cancers (most frequently, children treated for leukemia) increases risk.
- Genetic Syndromes: Increased risk for individuals with certain genetic syndromes such as neurofibromatosis types 1 and 2 (NF1, NF2), von Hippel-Lindau disease, or tuberous sclerosis.
- Family History: Small increased risk for relatives of people with brain and CNS cancer.
For more information, see the ODH website Cancer Data and Statistics.
Sources: Ohio Cancer Incidence Surveillance System and Bureau of Vital Statistics, Ohio Department of Health; National Cancer Institute; American Cancer Society.