Web Content Viewer

Brain Cancer Stats & Facts for Ohio

Brain Cancer Stats & Facts for Ohio

Brain Cancer Stats & Facts for Ohio Infographic

Who Gets Brain Cancer?

  • In 2018, 904 new cases of brain and other central nervous system (CNS) cancer were diagnosed in Ohio, at a rate of 6.7 per 100,000 persons.
  • Brain and other CNS cancer is one of the leading types of cancer affecting children and adolescents (ages 0-19).
  • In 2018, 100 cases were reported among children and adolescents in Ohio.
  • Males have a 40% higher incidence rate than females.

Brain Cancer Deaths

  • In 2019, 674 deaths from brain and other CNS cancer occurred in Ohio.
  • In Ohio, brain and other CNS cancer death rates were relatively stable from 2010 to 2019.
  • Whites have nearly a 2X higher mortality rate than Blacks.


  • In Ohio, five-year relative survival for brain and other CNS cancer was: 32% for all ages and 79% among children and adolescents (ages 0-19).

Risk Factors for Brain Cancer

  • Age: Tumor risk increases steadily with age.
  • Sex/Race: Males and whites are at greater risk.
  • Radiation Exposure: Radiation to the head given to treat other cancers (most frequently, children treated for leukemia) increases risk.
  • Genetic Syndromes: Increased risk for individuals with certain genetic syndromes such as neurofibromatosis types 1 and 2 (NF1, NF2), von Hippel-Lindau disease, or tuberous sclerosis.
  • Family History: Small increased risk for relatives of people with brain and CNS cancer.

For more information, see the ODH website Cancer Data and Statistics.

Sources: Ohio Cancer Incidence Surveillance System and Bureau of Vital Statistics, Ohio Department of Health; National Cancer Institute; American Cancer Society.