Who Gets Kidney Cancer?
- Cancer that starts in the kidney is called kidney and renal pelvis cancer. Renal cell cancer (RCC) is the most common type in adults.
- In 2018, more than 2,500 cases of kidney and renal pelvis cancer were diagnosed in Ohio, representing 3.7% of all new invasive cancer cases.
- Kidney and renal pelvis cancer is 2x more common in men than in women.
- Blacks have higher incidence rates than whites.
Kidney Cancer Deaths
- In 2019, 588 Ohioans died from kidney and renal pelvis cancer.
- Kidney and renal pelvis cancer death rates have decreased in Ohio from 2010 to 2019.
- Whites have higher death rates than Blacks.
Stage at Diagnosis* and Survival
- 67% of kidney and renal pelvis cancer cases in Ohio were diagnosed at an early (local) stage in 2018.
- 93% of people diagnosed with local stage kidney and renal pelvis cancer that has not spread beyond the kidney or renal pelvis survive 5 years.
- 13% of people diagnosed with distant stage kidney and renal pelvis cancer that has spread to other parts of the body survive 5 years.
*In situ – cancer is noninvasive; local – cancer is confined to primary site;
regional – cancer has spread to regional lymph nodes;
distant – cancer has metastasized (spread to other parts of the body).
Risk Factors for Kidney Cancer
- Current smoking.
- Overuse of certain pain medications, such as aspirin, acetaminophen, and ibuprofen.
- Being overweight.
- Having high blood pressure.
- Having a family history of renal cell cancer.
- Having certain genetic conditions, such as von Hippel-Lindau disease or hereditary papillary renal cell carcinoma.
- Workplace exposure to certain substances, such as trichloroethylene.
To lower your risk for kidney cancer:
- Don’t smoke or quit if you do.
- Keep a healthy weight.
- Eat a healthy diet.
Ohio cancer reports are available on the Cancer Data and Statistics webpage.
Sources: Ohio Cancer Incidence Surveillance System (2018) and Bureau of Vital Statistics (2010-2019), Ohio Department of Health; SEER Program, National Cancer Institute; CDC.