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Leukemia Cancer Stats & Facts for Ohio

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Leukemia Stats and facts for Ohio Infographic

Who Gets Leukemia?

  • Leukemia is a broad term for cancers of the blood cells. Four primary types are:
    • Acute lymphocytic leukemia (ALL).
    • Acute myeloid leukemia (AML).
    • Chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL).
    • Chronic myeloid leukemia (CML).
  • In 2018, 1,678 new cases of leukemia were diagnosed in Ohio (12.0 per 100,000 people).
  • Leukemia incidence in Ohio in 2018 was:
    • 51% higher among males than females.
    • 37% higher among whites than Blacks.
  • In Ohio in 2018, 128 cases of leukemia were diagnosed in children and adolescents (ages 0-19). Leukemia is the most frequently diagnosed cancer in this age group.

 Leukemia Deaths

  • In 2019, 990 deaths from leukemia occurred in Ohio (6.6 per 100,000 people).
  • In Ohio, leukemia death rates were relatively stable from 2010 to 2019.


  • The percentage of Ohioans with leukemia who survive at least five years is: 61% for all ages and 86% among children and adolescents.
  • Based on Ohio cases diagnosed in 2011-2017, estimated relative survival rates vary by type of leukemia: 
    • ALL: 70%
    • AML: 29%
    • CLL: 89%
    • CML: 65%

 Risk Factors for Leukemia

  • Age: ALL is most commonly diagnosed among children, whereas AML, CLL, and CML occur mainly in adults.
  • Benzene: Long-term exposure to benzene in the workplace is a risk factor for leukemia, particularly AML.
  • Chemotherapy: Treatment with certain cancer drugs may increase risk of AML or ALL.
  • Radiation: Exposure to high-level radiation, most commonly from prior cancer treatment, can increase the risk of leukemia.
  • Smoking: Smoking cigarettes increases risk of AML. For help quitting tobacco, call 1-800-QUIT-NOW.

 For more information, see the ODH website Cancer Data and Statistics.

Sources: Ohio Cancer Incidence Surveillance System and Bureau of Vital Statistics, Ohio Department of Health; National Cancer Institute; American Cancer Society.