The public health system in Ohio is comprised of the Ohio Department of Health, 113 local health departments, health care providers, and public health stakeholders that work together to promote and protect the health of all Ohioans.
Local health departments, like school districts, maintain independent governance, but often work together, along with the state and federal public health agencies. Depending on the type of health district (county or city jurisdiction), funding comes from the support of their community through levies, city general operating funds, contracts, county government, and inside millage. To help support local health departments, ODH receives funds from federal agencies, state general revenue, and other sources and distributes many of these funds through contracts and grants that contribute toward public health programs and services. ODH also provides technical support, laboratory services, and other critical services to aid local health department efforts.
Local health departments strive to protect and improve the health of their communities by preventing and controlling the spread of disease and injury, protecting against environmental hazards, promoting and supporting healthy behaviors, and preparing for and responding to emergencies.
Services that may be provided by a local health department include access to birth and death records, health education, immunization clinics, well-baby visits, pre-natal, health screenings, dental, disease surveillance and other services and programs. Local health departments administer core environmental health programs such as inspections related to food safety, public swimming pools, campgrounds, sewage, and water, as well as other environmental programs such as smoking, lead and asthma. Ohio residents and businesses are encouraged to contact their local health department regarding environmental health concerns. Click here for a comprehensive search tool, to locate your local health department by address.
Local Health Departments are governed by regulations in the Ohio Revised Code (ORC) and the Ohio Administrative Code.