Here at the Ohio Department of Health (ODH), we create guides, plans and templates. We also collaborate on multiple preparedness and response activities, such as presentations, trainings, drills, and exercises for the public, health care providers and facilities, community-based organizations, and local governments to coordinate public health emergency preparedness activities. The Public Health Emergency Preparedness (PHEP) agreement works within Emergency Preparedness to address programmatic requirements, as well as the fifteen Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) public health capabilities. The capabilities assist health departments in building and strengthening their abilities to effectively respond to a range of public health threats, including infectious diseases, natural disasters, and biological, chemical, nuclear, and radiological events. Preparedness activities funded by the PHEP Grant specifically target the development of emergency-ready public health departments that are flexible and adaptable.
The Public Health Emergency Preparedness (PHEP) cooperative agreement is a critical source of funding for state, local, and territorial public health departments from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). PHEP works with local partners to support the readiness of Ohio’s regions and local health departments as well as responding to public health emergencies. PHEP includes a full range of prevention, mitigation, and recovery activities, not just those designed to enable responses to events. It also involves operational capabilities—the ability to quickly execute preparedness tasks. Responsibility for the preparedness of the nation’s communities lies not only with governmental agencies but also with active, engaged, and mobilized community residents, businesses, and nongovernmental organizations.
There are six domains of preparedness that the Center for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) Public Health Emergency Preparedness (PHEP) program works to improve on, so state and local public health systems are better prepared for emergencies that impact the public's health. The six domains are as follows:
- Community Resilience: Preparing for and recovering from emergencies
- Incident management: Coordinating an effective response
- Information Management: Making sure people have information to take action
- Countermeasures and Mitigation: Getting medicines and supplies where they are needed
- Surge Management: Expanding medical services to handle large events
- Biosurveillance: Investigating and identifying health threats
They also provide the following in addition to the six domains of preparedness:
- Guidance: Annual evidence-based guidance to ensure state and local jurisdictions have the most current information to better protect their communities
- Technical Assistance: Operational know-how to ensure state and local public health departments are ready to respond
- Evaluation: Measurement and evaluation of states’ capabilities to prepare for any public health emergency
For more information, visit the Ohio fact sheet for specifics on how Ohio is doing, located here.
For more general information about Public Health Emergency Preparedness (PHEP) from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), visit here.
The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) has developed 15 capabilities that public health preparedness planning should achieve. They range from community recovery and information sharing to medical countermeasure dispensing and volunteer management. For more information about these 15 capabilities, visit their page located here.
The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) releases funding for various emergencies like hurricanes and the Zika virus. More information on funding areas can be found here on their page.
The Centers of Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) developed the Online and Technical Resource and Assistance Center (On-TRAC) to provide health departments with a secure, user-friendly platform for requesting technical assistance from CDC subject matter experts on public health preparedness. More information about On-TRAC can be found here.