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Data and Statistics

Burden of Asthma in Ohio

Download the Burden of Asthma in Ohio 2019 report here.

Estimated Asthma Prevalence for Ohio

  • Adult Current Asthma1             9.9 percent

  • Adult Lifetime Asthma1          13.6 percent

  • Child Lifetime Asthma1          11.3 percent

Approximately 1.25 million Ohio adults have been told at some time in their life that they had asthma, of which approximately 895,000 reported that they currently had asthma.1,2

Approximately 294,000 children in Ohio have been told at some time in their life that they had asthma.1,2

Severity of the Problem

  • In Ohio, four in ten (40.3 percent) of adults who reported current asthma and were currently employed missed work due to asthma in the past year.3

  • Black adults have significantly higher asthma prevalence than white adults, with approximately one in seven (14.1 percent) reporting current asthma.1   

  • Adult women have significantly higher asthma prevalence than men with 12.3 percent reporting current asthma, compared to 7.2 percent of men.1

  • Adults living below poverty level have significantly higher asthma rates than those with incomes $25,000 and above, with over one in five reporting current asthma (20.7 percent).1

  • Adult women have twice the rate of inpatient hospital visits for primary diagnosis of asthma compared to men.4

  • In 2016, there were nearly 7,000 inpatient hospital visits and close to 50,000 emergency department visits for a primary diagnosis of asthma.4

  • For all age groups, and both sexes, black rates of inpatient hospital and emergency department visits were at least twice as high as white rates.4

  • Asthma emergency department visit rates have been consistently highest in children under the age of five- over 25 percent higher than other age groups. Among children under 5 years of age, the boys’ rate exceeded the girls’ rate by close to 75 percent. 4

  • Since 1990, an average of 135 Ohio citizens per year die from asthma. Adult women and black residents are significantly more likely to die of asthma.5 Almost all asthma deaths are preventable with appropriate medical care.

Sources

  1. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System, Year 2017.

  2. Population Estimates, American Community Survey, Census of Population and Housing, Current Population Survey, Small Area Health Insurance Estimates, Small Area Income and Poverty Estimates, State and County Housing Unit Estimates, County Business Patterns, Nonemployer Statistics, Economic Census, Survey of Business Owners, Building Permits, Year 2017.

  3. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System Asthma Call-back Survey, 2014.

  4. Ohio Hospital Association Clinical-Financial Data Set, Years 2013-2016.

  5. Ohio Department of Health, Center for Health and Vital Statistics, 1990-2017.

If you have questions or require additional information, please contact the ODH Asthma Program at (614) 644-0205 or asthma@odh.ohio.gov

Ohio Surveillance System for Asthma

Ohio Surveillance System for Asthma (OSSA)​

Asthma surveillance is the ongoing collection, analysis, and interpretation of asthma-related data. The Ohio Surveillance System for Asthma (OSSA) is a repository of Ohio asthma data resources established by the Ohio Department of Health to inform its programs and serve as a resource for others​.

Asthma Disparities Report 2019 ​

Reports disparities in current asthma prevalence, utilization, and death rates in race and sex.

Some highlights from this report can help to:

  • Bring attention to the fact that black children with asthma have significantly more ED visits than white children.

  • Start a conversation and develop actionable strategies for improvement in processes and outcomes to reduce disparities.

  • Emphasize the importance of asthma action plans, medication adherence and routine check-ups in keeping children out of the ED. ​

​Emergency Department and Hospital Visits for Asthma in Ohio 2019

Updated Ohio Hospital Association data using the ICD-10 definition of asthma that will serve as the baseline going forward.

  • Stress the fact that adults as well as children are at risk for emergency department (ED) visits for asthma.

  • Start a conversation about factors that may lead to seasonal increases in ED admissions: allergies, influenza, school attendance and outdoor pollutants, such as ozone and develop actionable strategies for improvement in processes and/or outcomes.

  • Emphasize the importance of schools and school nurses having electronic medical records (EMR), asthma action plans at school, and stock albuterol when the new school year begins.​​

Recommended Asthma Home Visit Design

The Ohio Department of Health formed a stakeholder group to develop recommendations for home visits focused on Asthma efforts. Ohio Medicaid participated in the guideline development. You may find this resource helpful to visitors to the Community Health Collaborative website. Please share and distribute the attached document as appropriate.

Myths and Facts

Myths and facts about asthma. 

Data Archive

Burden of Asthma in Ohio 2012

Asthma Hospital Discharge Report 2012

Asthma Deaths in Ohio

Childhood Asthma in Ohio 8.1.11

Asthma Call-Back Survey Provides Insight into Asthma Management Education Provided to Ohioans.