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According the National Immunization Survey (NIS), 82.8% of Ohio infants born in 2016 were breastfed and 26% were exclusively breastfed for six months.  For the first time, Ohio exceeded the Healthy People 2020 goals of 81.9% of infants ever breastfed and 25.5% of infants exclusively breastfed through 6 months. Although the overall rate of breastfeeding has been steadily increasing, there are racial and educational disparities.

Ohio Data

Ohio Public Health Information Warehouse http://publicapps.odh.ohio.gov/EDW/DataCatalog

Ohio Department of Health, Vital Statistics

Breastfeeding at Discharge, Ohio, 2015-2018

Year

Race

Breastfed at Discharge

Exclusively Breastfed at Discharge

2015

All Races

72.6%

 

White, Non - Hispanic

74.6%

Black, Non-Hispanic

61.0%

Hispanic

73.6%

2016

All Races

73.5%

52.2%

White, Non - Hispanic

75.2%

57.0%

Black, Non-Hispanic

63.3%

35.0%

Hispanic

73.9%

43.9%

2017

All Races

73.5%

51.0%

White, Non - Hispanic

75.0%

55.7%

Black, Non-Hispanic

64.6%

34.6%

Hispanic

74.9%

44.0%

2018

All Races

74.6%

51.6%

White, Non - Hispanic

76.0%

56.5%

Black, Non-Hispanic

66.7%

35.1%

Hispanic

74.9%

42.3%

*Data includes births that occurred in Ohio including both residents and non-residents. It does not include births to Ohio residents that occurred outside of the state.

**Percent is calculated by # breastfed/(Births - unknown or missing breastfeeding status)

Ohio Pregnancy Assessment Survey (OPAS)

https://odh.ohio.gov/wps/portal/gov/odh/know-our-programs/ohio-pregnancy-assessment-survey-opas

OPAS is representative of women who gave birth in Ohio. Sampled women are contacted approximately 2-4 months after delivery and can participate by completing a mailed survey, online survey, or telephone survey. Specific populations of interest, such as the nine Ohio Health Equity Institute (OEI) counties, are oversampled to facilitate analysis of Ohio’s initiatives and ongoing program development.

 

Breastfeeding, OPAS

Year

Ever Breastfed

Breastfed @ 8 Weeks

2016

84.4%

61.3%

2017

86.5%

68.4%

2018

85.8%

63.1%

Citation: The Ohio Pregnancy Assessment Survey Dashboard. grcapps.osu.edu/opas/. Accessed 12/17/2019

OPAS Dashboard  https://grcapps.osu.edu/opas/

National Data

National Immunization Survey (NIS)

https://www.cdc.gov/breastfeeding/data/nis_data/index.htm

The National Immunization Survey (NIS) is administered each year and includes breastfeeding questions. NIS data is used to compile the CDC’s Breastfeeding Report Card.

CDC Breastfeeding Report Card

The CDC Breastfeeding Report Card is released every two years and provides a compilation of data on breastfeeding practices and supports in all states, the District of Columbia (DC), Puerto Rico, Guam, and the US Virgin Islands. https://www.cdc.gov/breastfeeding/data/reportcard.htm