Ohio Department of Health (ODH) disease experts developed the “Childhood Cancer in Ohio 2019” report, outlining the following findings:
- An average of 555 new invasive cancer cases and 60 cancer deaths occurred each year among children (ages 0-14) and adolescents (ages 15-19) during 2012-2016.
- The leading cancer types among children in 2012-2016 were leukemias (27%), brain and other central nervous system (CNS) tumors (23%), and lymphomas (12%).
- The leading cancer types among adolescents in Ohio were lymphomas (22%), thyroid cancers (14%), and leukemias (13%).
- Overall, cancer incidence rates increased slightly from 1997-2016 among both children and adolescents.
- Mortality rates of all child and adolescent cancers combined declined 24% from 1997-2016.
- Child and adolescent cancer incidence rates were greater for males, white individuals, and those ages 15 to 19 years in both Ohio and the United States.
- In Ohio, cancer mortality rates were higher for males, African Americans, and those ages 15-19 years – a disparity the Ohio Partners for Cancer Control (OPCC) pediatric cancer team is seeking to address.