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Childhood Cancer in Ohio

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Ohio Department of Health (ODH) disease experts developed the “Childhood Cancer in Ohio 2019” report, outlining the following findings:  

  • An average of 555 new invasive cancer cases and 60 cancer deaths occurred each year among children (ages 0-14) and adolescents (ages 15-19) during 2012-2016.  
  • The leading cancer types among children in 2012-2016 were leukemias (27%), brain and other central nervous system (CNS) tumors (23%), and lymphomas (12%).  
  • The leading cancer types among adolescents in Ohio were lymphomas (22%), thyroid cancers (14%), and leukemias (13%).  
  • Overall, cancer incidence rates increased slightly from 1997-2016 among both children and adolescents.  
  • Mortality rates of all child and adolescent cancers combined declined 24% from 1997-2016.  
  • Child and adolescent cancer incidence rates were greater for males, white individuals, and those ages 15 to 19 years in both Ohio and the United States. 
  • In Ohio, cancer mortality rates were higher for males, African Americans, and those ages 15-19 years – a disparity the Ohio Partners for Cancer Control (OPCC) pediatric cancer team is seeking to address.