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Urban and Rural Areas Cancer Stats and Facts for Ohio

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Cancer in Urban & Rural Areas

For individuals diagnosed with cancer in Ohio in 2014-2018:

  • 79% lived in urban areas, and
  • 21% lived in rural areas.

Cancer Incidence

Cancer incidence overall was higher in urban areas in Ohio. Cancer incidence rates were at least 10% higher in:

Urban Ohio census tracts for

  • Liver and intrahepatic bile duct cancer.
  • Multiple myeloma.
  • Stomach cancer.

Rural Ohio census tracts for

  • Esophageal cancer.
  • Laryngeal cancer.
  • Human papillomavirus (HPV)-associated cancers.*

*Includes all cervical cancers and squamous cell carcinomas of the vagina, vulva, anus, penis, and oropharynx (back of the throat, including the base of the tongue and tonsils).

Cancer Mortality

Cancer mortality overall was higher in rural areas in Ohio. Cancer death rates were at least 10% higher in:

Urban Ohio census tracts for

  • Liver and intrahepatic bile duct cancer.
  • Stomach cancer.

Rural Ohio census tracts for

  • Colon and rectum cancer.
  • Esophageal cancer.
  • Kidney and renal pelvis cancer.
  • Laryngeal cancer.
  • Oral cavity and pharynx cancer.
  • Thyroid cancer.

Disparities

Studies of cancer in urban and rural areas reveal many possible explanations for differences in cancer incidence and mortality rates, including differences in:

  • Cancer risk factors (e.g., higher rates of tobacco use and obesity in rural areas).
  • Race (e.g., higher percentage of Black Ohioans in urban areas).
  • Social determinants of health (e.g., differences in education, income, discrimination, and access to quality healthcare).

For more information, see Cancer Incidence and Mortality in Urban and Rural Census Tracts in Ohio.
Sources: Ohio Cancer Incidence Surveillance System and Bureau of Vital Statistics, Ohio Department of Health.