Who Gets Leukemia?
- Leukemia is a broad term for cancers of the blood cells. Four primary types are:
- Acute lymphocytic leukemia (ALL).
- Acute myeloid leukemia (AML).
- Chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL).
- Chronic myeloid leukemia (CML).
- In 2018, 1,678 new cases of leukemia were diagnosed in Ohio (12.0 per 100,000 people).
- Leukemia incidence in Ohio in 2018 was:
- 51% higher among males than females.
- 37% higher among whites than Blacks.
- In Ohio in 2018, 128 cases of leukemia were diagnosed in children and adolescents (ages 0-19). Leukemia is the most frequently diagnosed cancer in this age group.
- In 2019, 990 deaths from leukemia occurred in Ohio (6.6 per 100,000 people).
- In Ohio, leukemia death rates were relatively stable from 2010 to 2019.
- The percentage of Ohioans with leukemia who survive at least five years is: 61% for all ages and 86% among children and adolescents.
- Based on Ohio cases diagnosed in 2011-2017, estimated relative survival rates vary by type of leukemia:
- ALL: 70%
- AML: 29%
- CLL: 89%
- CML: 65%
Risk Factors for Leukemia
- Age: ALL is most commonly diagnosed among children, whereas AML, CLL, and CML occur mainly in adults.
- Benzene: Long-term exposure to benzene in the workplace is a risk factor for leukemia, particularly AML.
- Chemotherapy: Treatment with certain cancer drugs may increase risk of AML or ALL.
- Radiation: Exposure to high-level radiation, most commonly from prior cancer treatment, can increase the risk of leukemia.
- Smoking: Smoking cigarettes increases risk of AML. For help quitting tobacco, call 1-800-QUIT-NOW.
For more information, see the ODH website Cancer Data and Statistics.
Sources: Ohio Cancer Incidence Surveillance System and Bureau of Vital Statistics, Ohio Department of Health; National Cancer Institute; American Cancer Society.