Who Gets Liver Cancer?
· Liver and intrahepatic bile duct (IBD) cancer starts inside the liver.
· Nearly 1,200 Ohioans were diagnosed with liver and IBD cancer in 2018.
· Liver and IBD cancer is more than 2 times as common in men as in women.
· Asians/Pacific Islanders, American Indians/Alaskan Natives, and Hispanics have the highest rates of liver and IBD cancer, followed by Blacks. Whites have the lowest rates.
Liver Cancer Deaths
- Nearly 1,000 Ohioans died from liver and IBD cancer in 2019.
- Liver and IBD cancer death rates have increased 17% in Ohio from 2010 to 2019.
Stage at Diagnosis and Survival
- About 44% of liver and IBD cancer cases in Ohio were diagnosed at an early (local) stage in 2018.
- 34% of people diagnosed at an early stage when liver and IBD cancer has not spread beyond the liver or IBD SURVIVE 5 YEARS.
- 3% of people diagnosed with distant stage liver and IBD cancer that has spread to other parts of the body SURVIVE 5 YEARS.
Risk Factors for Liver Cancer
- Chronic hepatitis B and hepatitis C infection.
- Cirrhosis (scarring of the liver).
- Heavy alcohol use.
- Type 2 diabetes.
To lower your risk for liver cancer:
- Get tested for hepatitis C and get treated if you have it.
- Get vaccinated against hepatitis B.*
- Avoid drinking too much alcohol.
- Stop smoking or never start.
- Keep a healthy weight.
*Recommended for all infants at birth and for adults who may be at increased risk.
Ohio cancer reports are available on the Cancer Data and Statistics webpage.
Sources: Ohio Cancer Incidence Surveillance System (2018) and Bureau of Vital Statistics (2010-2019), Ohio Department of Health; SEER Program, National Cancer Institute; CDC.