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Gestational Diabetes
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Gestational Diabetes

Gestational diabetes develops during pregnancy. Like other types of diabetes, gestational diabetes affects how your cells use sugar (glucose). Gestational diabetes causes high blood sugar that can affect your pregnancy and your baby's health.

Gestational Diabetes is a type of diabetes that is first seen in a pregnant woman who did not have diabetes before she was pregnant. Some women develop gestational diabetes in the middle of pregnancy. Doctors usually test for it between 24 and 28 weeks of pregnancy. 

Although this form of diabetes usually disappears after the birth of the baby, women who have had gestational diabetes have a 40 to 60 percent chance of developing type 2 diabetes within 5 to 10 years. Maintaining a reasonable body weight and being physically active may help prevent development of type 2 diabetes. About 3 to 8 percent of pregnant women in the United States develop gestational diabetes.

As with type 2 diabetes, gestational diabetes occurs more often in some ethnic groups and among women with a family history of diabetes. Gestational diabetes is caused by the hormones of pregnancy or a shortage of insulin. Women with gestational diabetes may not experience any symptoms.

For More Information

For more information about gestational diabetes, please visit the following links:

Ohio Gestational Diabetes Postpartum Care Learning Collaborative

American Diabetes Association

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Gestational Diabetes And Other Pregnancy Information

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Gestational Diabetes And Other Diabetes Information

Gestational Diabetes Fact Sheet

ODH Diabetes Program