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Social Determinants of Health

A diverse workforce.

Social determinants of health (SDOH) are the conditions in the environments where people are born, live, learn, work, play, worship, and age that affect a wide range of health, functioning, and quality-of-life outcomes and risks.

Infant Mortality

Infant mortality is the death of an infant before his or her first birthday. The infant mortality rate is the number of infant deaths for every 1,000 live births. In addition to giving us key information about maternal and infant health, the infant mortality rate is an important marker of the overall health of a society.

Gov. DeWine announces task force to reduce infant mortality, eliminate racial disparities:


  • Health Equity and Mobility Justice: The Ohio Department of Health’s Creating Healthy Communities program strives to incorporate health equity into active living strategies. The resource addresses common questions and challenges about this topic.
  • U.S. Department of Transportation - Relationship to Public Health: Negative health effects related to the transportation system can fall hardest on vulnerable members of the community, such as low-income residents, minorities, children, people with disabilities, and older adults. Households in low-income areas typically own fewer vehicles, have longer commutes, and have higher transportation costs.
  • CDC – Safe and Accessible Streets for All Users: Adequate infrastructure for active transportation is lacking in many low-income communities and communities of color. Low-income communities and communities of color have been found to have poorly maintained sidewalk and street infrastructure, higher rates of crime, and increased dangers from traffic. These barriers may discourage some residents from engaging in active transportation or make conditions difficult and unsafe for those who depend on such infrastructure.

Additional Resources