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Risk Factors
  • Caregiver concern

  • Family history of childhood hearing loss

  • Craniofacial anomalies

  • Chemotherapy

  • Head trauma

  • Ototoxic medication

  • In utero infection (Herpes, Rubella, Syphilis, Toxoplasmosis, CMV)

  • Culture positive postnatal infections (herpes, varicella, meningitis)

  • Neurodegenerative disorders (Hunter syndrome)

  • Syndromes associated with hearing loss (Usher, Waardenburg, Alport, Pendred, Jevell, Lange-Nielson)

  • Physical findings associated with hearing loss

  • Neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) stay

Reference: Joint Committee on Infant Hearing, 2007 Position Statement