Programs with a focus on infectious diseases collect, investigate, analyze and distribute information on the incidence and prevalence of general infectious diseases, health events, zoonotic and vector-borne diseases and vaccine-preventable diseases in Ohio. The disease surveillance system for the Ohio Department of Health is the Ohio Disease Reporting System (ODRS). Disease reports are often submitted to ODRS via Electronic Laboratory Reporting (ELR). Guidance on infectious disease surveillance, case management, infection control, and disease reporting can be found in the Infectious Disease Control Manual (IDCM).
Tuberculosis is part of the Tuberculosis and Healthcare-Associated Infections program (TB/HAI) at the Ohio Department of Health. The program tracks and prevents human infections caused by tuberculosis and those acquired in healthcare settings.
The Hepatitis Surveillance Program is responsible for the ongoing and systematic collection, analysis, interpretation and dissemination of population-based information about persons diagnosed with non-perinatal hepatitis B virus (HBV), hepatitis C virus (HCV) and hepatitis D virus (HDV) in Ohio.
The HIV/AIDS Surveillance Program is responsible for the on-going and systematic collection, analysis, interpretation, and dissemination of population-based information about persons diagnosed and living with HIV and/or AIDS in Ohio.
The Outbreak Response and Bioterrorism Investigation Team (ORBIT) is responsible for disease surveillance on enteric and respiratory diseases, as well as investigations of food-borne, waterborne, community and institutional disease outbreaks. ORBIT also responses to bioterrorism incidents in Ohio.
The Sexually Transmitted Disease (STD) Surveillance Program tracks chancroid, gonorrhea, chlamydia and syphilis in Ohio. It provides information used in preventing the spread of these sexually transmitted diseases (STDs).
Healthcare-Associated Infections are part of the Tuberculosis and Healthcare-Associated Infections program (TB/HAI) at the Ohio Department of Health. The program tracks and prevents human infections caused by tuberculosis and those acquired in healthcare settings.
In addition to many programs that conduct surveillance, investigation, control and prevention activities, the Infectious Disease Informatics program is dedicated to providing the infrastructure to support these activities with:
Programs that focus on infectious diseases collaborate on the Infectious Disease Control Manual (IDCM). The IDCM is a reference for local health departments, hospitals, laboratories and physicians in providing information about infectious diseases from a public health perspective, including prevention, control and reporting of suspected and diagnosed cases. Ohio's list of reportable infectious diseases and reporting requirements, including timelines for reporting and surveillance case definitions, are included in the Ohio Department of Health's IDCM.