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Infant Safe Sleep
Infant Safe Sleep

Overview  

Every week in Ohio, 3 babies die in unsafe sleep environments. These deaths don’t have to happen! Learn why it’s safest for baby to follow the ABCs of safe sleep – Alone. Back. Crib. Every baby, every sleep!

 

What does a safe sleep enviornment look like?

 Click here to locate a free crib

 

 

Click here to view the Safe Sleep 101 video in SpanishArabicNepaliSomaliBurmeseKaren, or African French

Follow these tips and explore the rest of SafeSleep.Ohio.gov to learn why of the ABCs of infant safe sleep are safest for baby:

  • The safest place for your baby to sleep is in the room where you sleep, but not in your bed.
  • Never place babies to sleep on adult beds, chairs, sofas, waterbeds, pillows, cushions or soft surfaces.
  • Dress your baby in sleep clothing, such as a sleep sack, and do not use a blanket.
  • Avoid letting the baby get too hot. Keep room temperatures in a range comfortable for a lightly clothed adult.
  • Infants should receive all recommended vaccinations.
  • Breastfeeding is recommended to help to reduce the risk of SIDS.
  • Avoid smoke exposure during pregnancy and after birth. Place the crib in an area that is always smoke free.
  • Supervised, awake tummy time is recommended daily to facilitate development.
  • Consider using a pacifier at nap time and bed time, once breastfeeding is well established. 
  • Talk to those who care for your baby, including child care providers, family, and friends, about placing your baby to sleep on his back for every sleep.
  • Obtain regular prenatal care to reduce the risk of SIDS even before birth.
  • Avoid alcohol and illicit drug use during pregnancy and after birth.  

 

Back Sleeping

 

There are many myths surrounding babies sleeping on their backs; however, science has proven that back is best for baby. Some commonly asked questions regarding these myths are:

Isn’t it easier for my baby to choke on her back? 
No! Babies who sleep on their backs are less likely to suffocate or choke. See why babies are less likely to choke while on their backs.

My baby isn’t comfortable and doesn’t sleep as well on her back.
Babies do sleep deeper on their stomachs, but it's safer for baby to wake through the night. When babies sleep deeper, they don't wake up as often. When a baby is in a deep sleep and needs to take a deep breath or wake up her airway may be blocked by the mattress or loose bedding or covered in some other way, so she will be at more risk for suffocation. Back sleeping is safest for your baby!

If I put my baby on her back, she’ll get a flat head.
For the most part, flat spots on a baby’s head go away a few months after the baby learns to sit up. There are other ways to reduce the chance that flat spots will develop on your baby’s head, such as providing "tummy time" when your baby is awake and someone is watching. "Tummy time" not only helps prevent flat spots, but it also helps a baby’s head, neck, and shoulder muscles get stronger.

Baby sleeping on its back

How long should my baby sleep on her back?
Once your baby can roll from back to belly on their own, it's ok to leave her in the position she finds most comfortable. Remember to put your baby to sleep on her back for the first year.

Remember these ways to keep baby safest:

  • Don’t cover baby's head with a blanket or over bundle in clothing and blankets.
  • Avoid letting the baby get too hot. The baby could be too hot if you notice sweating, damp hair, flushed cheeks, heat rash, and rapid breathing.
  • Dress the baby lightly for sleep. Set the room temperature between 68 to 72 degrees.

More information: 
National Institutes of Child Health and Development – Frequently Asked Questions for Safe Sleep

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Crib Sleeping

Crib sleeping babyAn empty crib is best. Many parents believe baby won’t be warm or comfortable without bumper pads, blankets, pillows, and stuffed animals, but these items can be deadly. Babies can suffocate on or be strangled by any extra item in the crib.

This is how to keep baby safe:

  • Place your baby on a firm mattress, covered by a fitted sheet that meets current safety standards.
  • Bumper pads and sleep positioning wedges should not be placed in the crib with the baby.
  • Don’t use loose bedding, such as comforters and blankets.
  • Sleep clothing, such as fitted, appropriate-sized sleepers, sleep sacks, and wearable blankets are safer for baby than blankets!
  • Don’t place babies to sleep on adult beds, chairs, sofas, waterbeds, air mattresses, pillows, or cushions.
  • Toys and other soft bedding, including fluffy blankets, comforters, pillows and stuffed animals should not be placed in the crib with the baby. These items can suffocate baby if they are close to his face.
  • Place baby's crib in your room - you can respond to his needs and then return him to his crib to sleep.

 

 

Won’t my baby hurt herself between the slats of the crib if there are no bumpers?
There have been no cases of babies who have seriously hurt themselves by getting stuck between the crib railings. Babies aren’t capable of exerting enough force to break an arm or leg between the crib slats. Consider the option of a baby waking up because her hand or foot may be caught. She will cry and wake you, but she will be alive and breathing.

More information:
Consumer Product Safety Commission Crib Safety Standards

 

Sleep Facts

Safe Sleep Facts

Sleeping babyWith all the information being thrown at new moms, it's tough to sort out fact from fiction. The American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) recommendations are based on science and extensive research. The full text of the AAP recommendations is available here. Follow these guidelines to keep your baby safe:

  • Always place your baby on his or her back for every sleep time.
  • Always use a firm sleep surface. Car seats and other sitting devices are not recommended for routine sleep.
  • The baby should sleep in the same room as the parents, but not in the same bed (room-sharing without bed-sharing).
  • Keep soft objects or loose bedding out of the crib. This includes pillows, blankets, and bumper pads.
  • Don't use wedges and sleep positioners.
  • Pregnant women should receive regular prenatal care.
  • Don’t smoke during pregnancy or after birth.
  • Breastfeeding is recommended.
  • Offer a pacifier at nap time and bedtime.
  • Avoid covering the infant’s head or overheating.
  • Do not use home monitors or commercial devices marketed to reduce the risk of SIDS.
  • Infants should receive all recommended vaccinations.
  • Supervised, awake tummy time is recommended daily to facilitate development and minimize the occurrence of positional plagiocephaly (flat heads). 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Sleep Laws

Ohio's Infant Safe Sleep Law

Per ORC 3701.66 and 3701.67 as enacted by Ohio Am. Sub. S.B. 276 of the 130th General Assembly, the Ohio Department of Health (ODH) was required to develop:

Effective May 18, 2015, the law also establishes the Safe Sleep Education Program and specifies the following entities distribute infant safe sleep education materials:

  • Child birth educators and the staff of obstetricians' offices, to an expectant parent who uses their services;
  • Staff of pediatric physicians' offices, to an infant's parent, guardian, or other person responsible for the infant, any of whom uses their services;
  • Staff of freestanding birthing centers and certain hospitals, to the infant's parent, guardian, or other person responsible for the infant, before the infant is discharged from the facility;
  • Staff of the existing Help Me Grow program, to an infant's parent, guardian, or other person responsible for the infant during home-visiting services;
  • Each child care facility operating in Ohio, to each of its employees;
  • Public children services agency, when the agency has initial contact with an infant's parent, guardian, or other person responsible for the infant.

The law further specifies that facilities and locations that must participate in the Safe Sleep Education Program and regularly have infants sleeping at them adopt an internal infant safe sleep policy.

Reporting

ORC 3701.67 establishes an infant safe sleep screening procedure for hospitals and birthing centers. Facilities are required to screen new parents and caregivers prior to an infant's' discharge home to determine if the infant has a safe sleep environment at his or her residence. If the infant is determined not to have a safe sleep environment, the hospital may do any of the four following activities:

  • Obtain a safe crib with its own resources;
  • Collaborate with or obtain assistance from persons or government entities that are able to procure a safe crib or provide money to purchase a safe crib;
  • Refer the parent, guardian, or other person to a person or government entity described above to obtain a safe crib free of charge from that source;
  • If funds are available for the Cribs for Kids Program or a successor program, refer the parent, guardian, or other person to a program site designated by ODH at which a safe crib may be obtained at no charge. (The Cribs for Kids Program, administered by ODH, distributes cribs and infant safe sleep education materials through local and regional health departments to families who meet income eligibility requirements for the Women, Infants, and Children (WIC) program.)

Facilities may also refer to non-ODH supported Cribs for Kids Programs by finding their local partner at http://www.cribsforkids.org/find-a-chapter/. Facilities are required to report infant safe sleep data to ODH. Facilities with access to the State’s vital statistics records system (IPHIS), must report the data in IPHIS and facilities without IPHIS access should report it using the annual aggregate reporting form (see below for details).

Additional details are available from the Final Analysis from the Legislative Service Commission – http://www.lsc.ohio.gov/analyses130/14-sb276-130.pdf

Please contact SafeSleep@odh.ohio.gov with any questions. 

 

Data Collection

In support of ORC 3701.67, a new “Crib” tab was launched on January 1, 2017 in the State’s vital records system (IPHIS) to capture safe sleep screening data. The Ohio Department of Health has provided training for facilities on entering data into the new tab and is providing a recorded presentationreporting manual, and FAQ document for additional guidance.

 

Children’s Hospitals

 

Children’s Hospitals that do not have access to IPHIS are required to report annual aggregate safe sleep screening data by the first Monday in February of each year. The Annual Aggregate Safe Sleep Reporting Form should be submitted using the “Submit” button that is embedded at the top of the form, or by emailing the form to safesleep@odh.ohio.gov.

 

Resources

Brochures

Safe Sleep Brochure

Safe Sleep Brochure (Mandarin)

Safe Sleep Brochure (Somali)

Safe Sleep Brochure (Spanish)

Safe Sleep Brochure (Marshallese)

Continuing Education 

SIDS Risk Reduction CE Activity for Nurses

 

Flyers

Safe Sleep Flyer

Safe Sleep For Dads

Soothing Your Fussy Baby Flyer

Posters

Safe Sleep Poster

Safe Sleep and Breastfeeding Poster

Safe Sleep and Breastfeeding Poster (Spanish)

PSA

Safe Sleep TV PSA 15 second

Safe Sleep TV PSA 30 second (see below)

Order Materials

Click here to view the Safe Sleep Order Form.

 

Community Partners


Communities across Ohio are rallying together to help prevent infant mortality. Please visit our partners' website to learn more about the efforts taking place in your area.

Columbus Public Health 
Charlie’s Kids Foundation
Cradle Cincinnati
Cribs for Kids
Cuyahoga County Board of Health
Ohio Chapter, American Academy of Pediatrics
Ohio Children's Trust Fund
Ohio Commission on Fatherhood
Ohio Hospital Association
ProMedica Toledo Children’s Hospital
Baby 1st Network
Zanesville-Muskingum County Health Department

Ohio Department of Health Partners


Many areas within the Ohio Department of Health have come together to reduce infant mortality in Ohio. Please visit our partners' pages to learn about their efforts on this and many other issues!


Child Injury Action Group
Child Fatality Review Program
Child Passenger Safety Program
Violence and Injury Prevention Program 

Ohio Department of Health Safe Sleep Policy