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Cancer Stats & Facts for Ohio Cancer Risk Factors
Cancer Stats & Facts for Ohio Cancer Risk Factors

Cancer Stats & Facts for Ohio Cancer Risk Factors

Cancer Risk Factors

A cancer risk factor is anything that increases a person’s risk of developing cancer. Cancer risk factors include age; sex; race; ethnicity; poverty; genetics, such as genetic mutations and family history; health behaviors and lifestyle factors, such as tobacco and alcohol use and obesity; and environmental factors, such as radiation, infectious agents, and workplace exposures.

Age

  • 57% of all cases of invasive cancer and 71% of cancer deaths occurred in Ohioans age 65 and older in 2018.

Smoking

  • 21% of Ohio adults were current cigarette smokers in 2019, compared with 16% in the United States.
  • Tobacco use is associated with 12 types of cancer and 30% of all cancer deaths.
  • For help quitting tobacco, call 1-800-QUIT-NOW.

Obesity

  • 35% of Ohio men and women were obese in 2019.
  • Obesity is associated with 13 types of cancer and nearly 1 in 5 cancer deaths.

Physical Inactivity

  • In 2019, more than 1 in 4 Ohio adults reported no physical activity in the past month.
  • Higher levels of physical activity have been linked to lower risk of several types of cancer.

Alcohol Use

  • In Ohio, 24% of men and 14% of women were excessive drinkers in 2019.
  • Alcohol use causes 6% of new cancers and 4% of cancer-related deaths in the United States.

Infections

  • Certain infectious agents, including viruses, bacteria, and parasites, can increase the risk of developing cancer.
    • For example, high-risk types of HPV (human papillomavirus) can cause six types of cancer, including nearly all cervical cancers.
    • Vaccination can prevent infection with these types of HPV.