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Learn more about maternal mortality through these websites and articles.


Review to Action Maternal Mortality: Review to Action promotes the maternal mortality review process as the best way to understand why maternal mortality in the United States is increasing and prioritize interventions to improve maternal health.  

Review to Action, Reports from Maternal Mortality Review Committees: Two reports, Reports from MMRCs: A View into Their Critical Role and Report from Nine MMRCs, both of which Ohio contributed.  

Enhancing Reviews and Surveillance to Eliminate Maternal Mortality (ERASE MM): CDC has made 24 awards, supporting 25 states for the Enhancing Reviews and Surveillance to Eliminate Maternal Mortality (ERASE MM) Program. This funding directly supports agencies and organizations that coordinate and manage Maternal Mortality Review Committees to identify, review, and characterize maternal deaths; and identify prevention opportunities.

Rapid Maternal Overdose Review (RMOR): RMOR supports six Maternal Mortality Review Committees (MMRCs), including Ohio PAMR, to review all pregnancy-associated overdose deaths in their state.


Data Validity

Catalano A, Davis NL, Petersen EE, et al. (2020, March). Pregnant? Validity of the pregnancy checkbox on death certificates in four states, and characteristics associated with pregnancy checkbox errors. American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology. 222(3), 269.e1-269.e8.

Quality Improvement

Conrey EJ, Manning SE, Shellhaas CS, et al. (2019, August). Severe Maternal Morbidity, A Tale of 2 States Using Data for Action—Ohio and Massachusetts. Maternal and Child Health. 23(8), 989–995.*

D’Alton ME, Friedman AM, Bernstein PS, et al. (2019, October). Putting the “M” back in maternal-fetal medicine: A 5-year report card on a collaborative effort to address maternal morbidity and mortality in the United States. American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology. 221(4), 311-317.

Eliason EL. (2020, February 25). Adoption of Medicaid expansion is associated with lower maternal mortality. Women's Health Issues.

Main EK, Markow C, Gould J. (2018, September). Addressing maternal mortality and morbidity in California through public-private partnerships. Health Affairs. 37(9), 1484-1493. 

* This article discusses Ohio-specific information

Maternal Mortality Review Process

Berg CJ, Harper MA, Atkinson SM, et al. (2005, December). Preventability of pregnancy-related deaths: results of a state-wide review. Obstetrics and Gynecology. 106(6), 1228-1234.

Main EK. (2012, February). Decisions required for operating a maternal mortality review committee: the California experience. Seminars in Perinatology. 36(1), 37-41.

Metz TD, Rovner P, Hoffman MC, Allshouse AA, Beckwith KM, Binswanger IA. (2016, December). Maternal deaths from suicide and overdose in Colorado, 2004–2012. Obstetrics and Gynecology. 128(6), 1233-1240. 

Shellhaas CS, and Conrey EJ. (2018, June). State-based review of maternal deaths: The Ohio experience. Clinical Obstetrics and Gynecology, 61(2), 332-339*. 

Shellhaas CS, Zaharatos J, Clayton L, Hameed AB. (2019, July). Examination of a death due to cardiomyopathy by a maternal mortality review committee. American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology. 221(1), 1-8.*

St. Pierre A, Zaharatos J, Goodman D, Callaghan WM. (2018, January). Challenges and opportunities in identifying, reviewing, and preventing maternal deaths. Obstetrics & Gynecology, 131(1), 138-142.

Zaharatos J, St. Pierre A, Cornell A, Pasalic E, Goodman D. (2018, January). Building U.S. capacity to review and prevent maternal deaths. Journal of Women’s Health, 27(1), 1-5.

* This article discusses Ohio-specific information


Callaghan WM. (2020, February). Maternal mortality: addressing disparities and measuring what we value. Obstetrics & Gynecology, 135(2), 274-275. 

Kramer MR, Strahan AE, Preslar J, Zaharatos J, St Pierre A, Grant JE, Davis NL, Goodman DA, Callaghan WM. (2019, December). Changing the conversation: Applying a health equity framework to maternal mortality reviews. American Journal of Obstetrics & Gynecology, 221(6), 609.e1-609.e9.

Kieltyka L, Bachhuber MA, Smiles D, Wallace M, Zapata A, Gee RE. (2020, February). Racial inequities in preventable pregnancy-related deaths in Louisiana, 2011–2016. Obstetrics & Gynecology, 135(2), 276-283.  

Wang E, Glazer KB, Howell EA, Janevic TM. (2020, April). Social determinants of pregnancy-related mortality and morbidity in the United States: a systematic review. Obstetrics & Gynecology, 135(4), 896-915.