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Tobacco Data and Statistics

The Tobacco Data and Statistics section tracks tobacco use and trend data in Ohio. The data are used to direct Tobacco Use Prevention and Cessation Program goals to prevent and reduce tobacco use in Ohio and the toll tobacco takes regarding disease, death, and health care costs.

The Tobacco Program focuses on:

  • preventing tobacco use by youth
  • reducing exposure to secondhand smoke
  •  reducing tobacco use among high need populations disproportionately affected by the use of tobacco

Tobacco Program Surveys

Adult Tobacco Survey

The Adult Tobacco Survey(ATS) is managed by the Tobacco program to track state, regional, and local level adult tobacco behavior and trend data.

As part of the Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System(BRFSS), the Adult Tobacco Survey questions are included on split 2 of BRFSS.

The full BRFSS survey typically includes ~10,000 respondents; split 2 typically includes a subset of 2,000-3,000 respondents.

The Adult Tobacco Survey provides information on:

  • the use of tobacco products
  • exposure to secondhand smoke
  • exposure to cessation information
  • public opinion on tobacco policies
  • and other topics related to the behaviors and burden of tobacco use and exposure in Ohio.  

The data are collected annually and is available at the County, Region, and State level. However, data are limited based on sample sizes. 

How to access data?

1) Data Dashboard: The Data Dashboard allows users to select variables of interest and run statistics or cross-tab reports.

2) Data Request Form: Complete the form and send it to tobaccoprevention@odh.ohio.gov.

3) Dataset: Requests should be submitted to the Institutional Review Board (IRB) at the Ohio Department of Health for approval.

Please email completed form to odhirb@odh.ohio.gov.

ATS 2016 Questionnaire

ATS FAQ

Adult Tobacco Survey FAQ

Q: What is the Adult Tobacco Survey(ATS)?

A: The Adult Tobacco Survey is managed by the Ohio Tobacco program to track state, regional, and local level adult tobacco behavior and trend data.  The Tobacco program collaborates with the Ohio Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System(BRFSS), and the Adult Tobacco Survey is administered as part of BRFSS. ATS questions are included on split 2 of BRFSS. The full BRFSS survey typically includes ~10,000 respondents; split 2 typically includes a subset of 2,000-3,000 respondents.

Q: How do you conduct the survey?

A: The Ohio BRFSS conducts interviews using landline and cell phones. The survey is conducted by a contractor each month and calls are made seven days a week during both daytime and evening hours.  Ohio currently completes 700-1,000 interviews per month. Data are collected statewide. The sample is stratified to allow for sub-state analyses of 14 geographic regions in Ohio.

Q: What type of information does the ATS collect? How often is it collected?

A: Adult Tobacco Survey provides information on the use of tobacco products, exposure to secondhand smoke, behaviors and exposure to cessation information, public opinion on tobacco policies, and other topics related to the burden of tobacco. The survey is conducted annually.

Q: How Can I obtain a copy of the ATS questionnaire?

A: You can download a copy of the ATS questionnaire from the Ohio Tobacco Use Prevention and Cessation Program under Tobacco Data and Statistics- Adult Tobacco Survey.

 Q: What is done with this information?

A: The Adult Tobacco Survey is the primary source of state-specific tobacco data. Data resulting from the survey are available to state and local level decision-makers, legislators, researchers, students, and the general public. The data are used in combination with other measures such as chronic illnesses, infant mortality, and marketing research data to identify emerging health problems; track trends in health risk behaviors over time; and develop, monitor, and, evaluate the Ohio Tobacco Use Prevention and Cessation Program and policies.

Q: How can I access the data?

A: There are multiple ways to access the data. You can select variables of interest and run reports using the Data Dashboard, request a report by emailing the Data Request Form to the Tobacco program, or request the dataset through Ohio Department of Health’s Institutional Review Board.

Youth Tobacco Survey

The Ohio Youth Tobacco Survey (OYTS) is a voluntary statewide survey that collects information on tobacco use and risk factors among Ohio teens in grades 6 through 12.

The survey has been conducted by the Ohio Department of Health (ODH) every other year since 2000, with support from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC).

The OYTS provides critical data for students in grades 6-12 with respect to:

  • prevalence of tobacco use (including the role of emerging products like e-cigarettes and hookah)
  • tobacco cessation
  • minors' access to tobacco
  • tobacco-related knowledge and attitudes
  • exposure to media and advertising, school curriculum
  • exposure to environmental tobacco smoke.  

Results of the OYTS enhance our state’s capacity to design, implement, and evaluate the youth component of our Tobacco program.

How to access data?

1) Data Dashboard: The Data Dashboard allows users to select variables of interest and run statistics or cross-tab reports.

2) Data Request Form: Complete the form and attach in an email to tobaccoprevention@odh.ohio.gov.

3) Dataset: Requests should be submitted to the Institutional Review Board (IRB) at the Ohio Department of Health for approval.

Please email completed form to odhirb@odh.ohio.gov.

OYTS 2016 Questionnaire

OYTS FAQ

For Parents and Students
 

Q: What is the Ohio Youth Tobacco Survey?

A: The Ohio Youth Tobacco Survey (OYTS) is a voluntary statewide survey that collects information on tobacco use and risk factors among Ohio teens in grades 6 through 12. The survey has been conducted by the Ohio Department of Health (ODH) every other year since 2000, with support from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). The survey itself is a paper and pencil booklet with multiple choice questions designed to be completed by the students, on their own, in one class period or less.

Q: Why is the survey being done?

A: Tobacco is the leading cause of preventable death in Ohio, with cigarettes causing over 20,000 deaths per year in the state. Because the vast majority of smokers start smoking before the age of 18, tobacco prevention and control efforts targeting youth are a crucial component of curbing the tobacco use epidemic in Ohio. Information collected by the OYTS are used to plan and track progress with youth-focused tobacco control efforts.

Q: What questions are asked?

A: The majority of questions on the survey ask about students’ tobacco use and related risk factors such as attitudes, behaviors, and knowledge about tobacco; secondhand smoke; and exposure to tobacco industry advertising. In addition, a few demographic questions (e.g., gender, race, age) are also asked to help identify types of youth that are most at risk for tobacco use. No medical or physical exam is involved.

Q: Will students’ names or schools be used or linked to the survey?

A: No. The OYTS survey is completely anonymous, and no information that could be used to identify an individual child, school, school district, city, or county is collected. When the survey is given, students are instructed not to put their name on the questionnaire booklet. Results of the OYTS are always reported for the state of Ohio, and are never reported for individual schools.

Q: How long does it take to complete the survey?

A: One class period is needed to take the survey. It takes approximately 10 minutes for the survey administrator to distribute the survey booklets and pencils and to read directions to the students. It then takes approximately 30 minutes or less for students to answer the survey questions. The survey contains 90 multiple-choice questions.

Q: How many youths take part in this survey in Ohio?

A: Approximately 50 middle schools and 50 high schools in Ohio, or about 2,500 to 3,000 youth total, are selected to participate in the OYTS each time it is given.

Q: How was my child picked to participate in the survey?

A: Your child’s school and classroom were selected by the CDC from a list of all public and private schools in Ohio that have at least one 6-12 grade class. The schools are selected by CDC in such a way that the results can be generalized to all 6-12 graders across the state.  Once a school and class are selected by CDC, all students in that class have the opportunity to voluntarily participate in the survey, after receiving permission from the student’s parent.

Q. How are student privacy and confidentiality protected?

A: The OYTS is completely anonymous, and the survey process has been designed to ensure your child’s privacy. Students do not write their names or any personal information on the survey booklets. When finished, students place their completed booklet in a large box or envelope themselves.  At no point will any school personnel or ODH representatives be able to link answers to an individual student. Published results do not include names of participating counties, cities, school districts, schools, or students. In addition, the survey environment is similar to a testing environment. Students are not able to read each other’s responses to questions and teachers and the survey administrator do not wander around the room during the time the survey is being completed.

Q: Does my child have to participate in this survey?

A: Student participation in the OYTS is voluntary. Parents that do not wish for their child to take the survey can opt their child out of the survey on the Parental Permission form. Even if a parent permits a child to take the survey, a student may indicate at any time that they do not wish to take the survey. Students are told before starting the survey that they do not need to answer any questions that make them uncomfortable, and that they can choose to stop answering questions at any point in the survey.

Q: Where can additional information be obtained?

A: To obtain additional information about the OYTS, contact Strategic Research Group (the ODH contractor) at 1-800-341-3600, or send an email to OYTS@websrg.com. You may also contact the ODH Tobacco Program at 614-728-2429 or tobaccoprevention@odh.ohio.gov.

 

For Principals/Administrators

Q: What is the Ohio Youth Tobacco Survey?

A: The Ohio Youth Tobacco Survey (OYTS) is a voluntary statewide survey that collects information on tobacco use and risk factors among Ohio teens in grades 6 through 12. The survey has been conducted by the Ohio Department of Health (ODH) every other year since 2000, with support from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). The survey itself is a paper and pencil questionnaire with multiple-choice questions, designed to be completed by the students, on their own, in one class period or less.

Q: Why is the survey being done?

A: Tobacco is the leading cause of preventable death in Ohio, with cigarettes causing over 20,000 deaths per year in the state. Because the vast majority of smokers start smoking before the age of 18, tobacco prevention and control efforts targeting youth are a crucial component of curbing the tobacco use epidemic in Ohio. The OYTS provides critical data for students in grades 6-12 with respect to: prevalence of tobacco use (including the role of emerging products like e-cigarettes and hookah), tobacco cessation, minors' access to tobacco, tobacco-related knowledge and attitudes, exposure to media and advertising, school curriculum, and exposure to environmental tobacco smoke. Results of the OYTS enhance our state’s capacity to design, implement, and evaluate the youth component of our Tobacco Use Prevention and Control Program.

Q: Who is sponsoring this study?

A: The Ohio Department of Health (ODH) Tobacco Use Prevention and Cessation Program is sponsoring OYTS administration in Ohio.

Q: What questions are asked?

A: The majority of questions on the survey ask about students’ tobacco use and related risk factors such as attitudes, behaviors, and knowledge about tobacco; secondhand smoke; and exposure to tobacco industry advertising. In addition, to help ODH learn more about disparities in tobacco use among youth, demographic questions are asked about age, grade, sex, race/ethnicity, orientation, and to screen for disability, and asthma. No medical or physical exam is involved, and no information that could be used to identify an individual child, school, school district, city, or county is collected.

Q: Why is it important that this school participates?

A: The OYTS data will make significant contributions to understanding the influence of tobacco marketing, advertising, and products on Ohio’s youth. Each school’s participation in the OYTS is extremely important to the scientific validity of the statewide survey results because there are only a small number of middle and high schools chosen to participate. When schools refuse to participate, the representativeness of the sample is threatened.

Q: Will the school or staff be compensated for their time?

A: Yes. For participating in OYTS, schools will receive $450 for unrestricted use from ODH, which will be brought to you during the administration of the survey.

Q: Will all students in this school be asked to participate?

A: No. Students are selected by class, and only about 1-3 second period classes in the entire school will be randomly chosen to participate. Only those students enrolled in the few randomly selected classes will be asked to participate in the OYTS.

Q: Will the survey be administered during classroom instruction time?

A: Yes, one class period is needed to conduct the OYTS. No classes or students will be asked to complete a survey that takes longer than an average class period to complete. In fact, most students do not need the entire period to finish the survey. Teachers of selected classes are encouraged to use this time as additional prep time for instructional tasks.

Q: Will school staff be asked to assist in administering the survey?

A: ODH representatives, survey support staff from Strategic Research Group (SRG, the ODH Contractor), or representatives from local health departments will primarily administer the OYTS. You will be informed if school staff assistance is needed in administration.

Q: How much school/staff time is required?

A: Very little. The school’s point of contact is asked to distribute and collect Parental Permission forms and to complete a short Classroom Listing Form (to ensure only eligible second-period classes are randomly selected for participation). Time spent filling out this form will vary depending on the size of the school. In the unlikely event that school staff is asked to assist with OYTS administration, the time would not exceed more than one class period. In the majority of cases, teachers of selected classes are able to use the survey administration period as additional prep time for instructional tasks.

Q: Is this survey voluntary? What if school districts, schools, or students do not choose to participate?

A: Participation in the OYTS is voluntary. Parents can opt their child out of participation on the Parental Permission form, and students are instructed that they can choose to stop answering questions at any point in the survey. However, to develop accurate estimates of tobacco use and intent to use among adolescents, school and student participation rates must be high. Selected schools and students cannot be replaced. The goal is to achieve 90% to 95% participation of selected schools and students.

Q: How are schools and students selected?

A: The OYTS is implemented utilizing a 2-stage sample design. First, schools are selected with a probability proportional to enrollment size, with the goal to obtain a sample that accurately represents Ohio’s entire student population. Second, approximately 1-3 second period classes are randomly selected within each chosen school. All students enrolled in the randomly selected classes are eligible to participate. The CDC has found that this method of selecting students by class (rather than randomly selecting students throughout the entire school) is less disruptive to school and classroom functioning. To randomly select classes, each school is asked to complete a Classroom Listing Form that identifies all eligible second-period classes in the school to ensure all students have an equal opportunity to participate.

Q: How will the survey be administered?

A: After agreeing to participate, we ask that you identify a school staff member as the OYTS point of contact for the school. This person will complete a short Classroom Listing Form that will enable SRG to randomly select classes for participation. Prior to the OYTS administration, the school will be sent Parental Permission Forms to distribute to parents of selected students. The OYTS will be administered during 1-3 second-period classes, typically by SRG staff or Department of Health officials. The survey administrators will read instructions to students, who will indicate their responses to questions directly on the survey booklet and place their survey in a box/envelope themselves. Surveys are counted and then sealed in an envelope and sent to the CDC.

Q: Can I distribute the survey to my health classes?

A: No, the CDC randomly selects classes to participate from a list of eligible classes, typically second period, throughout the school. Classes are randomly selected in an effort to select a representative sample of students from within your school.

Q. How are student privacy and confidentiality protected?

A: Survey administration procedures are designed to protect student privacy and allow for anonymous participation. Students complete a survey booklet containing no personal identifiers, which they place in a large envelope themselves. At no point will any school personnel or ODH representatives be able to link responses to an individual student. Published reports do not include names of participating counties, cities, school districts, schools, or students.

Q: How long does it take to complete the questionnaire?

A: One class period is needed for administration of the questionnaire. It takes approximately 10 minutes for the survey administrator to distribute survey materials and read directions to students. It then takes approximately 30 minutes or less for students to record responses. The questionnaire contains 90 multiple choice questions. No medical or physical exam is involved.

Q: Can the school review the students’ answers to get school-specific information?

A: To protect the confidentiality of respondents, schools cannot review students’ responses. Allowing anyone to review the completed surveys threatens the students’ anonymity and can generate distrust. School-level reports are not typically provided by the CDC, as they provide very limited information that is not truly representative of the entire school. The selection of students is part of a larger sampling plan designed to yield estimates that are representative of the entire state, and would not be representative of the school. Furthermore, school-level reporting can compromise student anonymity when such a small number of students are surveyed.

Q: Can I distribute the survey myself?

A: No, trained survey administrators from SRG administer the survey to protect the confidentiality of the respondents. Survey administrators also give teachers the opportunity to use the class period of administration for prep.

Q: What grades are included?

A: Statewide, the OYTS will be administered to students in grades 6 through 12. This includes students from schools with any combination of grades 6-12 (e.g., K-6, 6-8, K-12, 7-9, 8-12). For schools selected for the “middle school” sample, only classes in grades 6-8 are eligible to participate. For schools selected for the “high school” sample, only classes in grades 9-12 are eligible.

Q: What is the sample size?

A: Approximately 50 middle schools and 50 high schools in Ohio, or about 2,500 to 3,000 youth total, are selected to participate in the OYTS each time it is given.

Q: We already have the Youth Risk Behavioral Survey (YRBS) data on smoking. Why do we also need the kind of data provided by the 0YTS? Is this really necessary?

A: There are a number of distinctions between the OYTS and the YRBS: 1) YRBS covers grades 9-12. The OYTS covers grades 6-12. 2) The 0YTS includes 80 tobacco-related questions; the YRBS has only a few. The additional questions in the OYTS cover more tobacco products, media and advertising, cessation, knowledge and attitudes, secondhand smoke, school curriculum, and minors' access. All of this information is needed for surveillance and evaluation of a Tobacco Use Prevention and Control program.

Q: Where can additional information be obtained?

A: To obtain additional information about the OYTS, contact Strategic Research Group (the ODH contractor) at 1-800-341-3600, or send an email to OYTS@websrg.com. You may also contact the ODH Tobacco Program at 614-728-2429 or tobaccoprevention@odh.ohio.gov.

Data Products

Fact Sheets

Disparities Stat Shot Fact Sheet

Electronic Cigarette Use by Ohio Youth Fact Sheet

Dripping Fact Sheet

Tobacco Marketing Stat Shot

LGBT Fact Sheet

Data Dashboard