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Zoonotic Disease Program
The mission of the Zoonotic Disease Program (ZDP) is to prevent and control diseases transmissible from animals (including mosquitoes and other vectors) to humans. ZDP staff work with our local health department partners and other agencies and organizations throughout the state to conduct surveillance of animal reservoirs and disease vectors, investigate zoonotic diseases and conditions in humans, carry out disease interventions and educational initiatives and provide consultations to animal and human health professionals.

Tickborne Diseases in Ohio

Diseases spread by ticks are an increasing concern in Ohio and are being reported to the Ohio Department of Health more frequently in the past decade, with Lyme disease and Rocky Mountain spotted fever (RMSF) being the most common. Other tickborne diseases such as anaplasmosis, babesiosis and ehrlichiosis are also on the rise.

about the article: Tickborne Diseases in Ohio

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Zoonotic diseases (also called zoonoses) are infectious diseases that can be spread from animals to humans.  These diseases may or may not produce clinical illness in the animal.

Zoonotic diseases include:

  • Those that can be transmitted directly from animals to humans (e.g., rabies)
  • Diseases that can be acquired indirectly by humans through ingestion, inhalation or contact with infected animal products, soil, water or other environmental surfaces that have been contaminated with animal waste or a dead animal (e.g., anthrax, leptospirosis)
  • Vector-borne diseases that require a mosquito, tick or other arthropod to transmit disease from animals to humans (e.g., Rocky Mountain spotted fever, St. Louis encephalitis, West Nile virus)

 

Animals that can carry and spread diseases to people:

Bats
Birds
Cats
Dogs
Ferrets
Horses
Livestock
Nonhuman primates
Poultry
Rabbits, rodents and pocket pets
Raccoons
Reptiles and amphibians

 

 

 

 

Arthropods that can carry and spread diseases to people:

Mosquitoes
Ticks

 

 

Diseases affecting animals and humans:

Anthrax
Babesiosis
Baylisascaris procyonis
Blastomycosis
Botulism
Bovine spongiform encephalitis
Brucellosis
Campylobacteriosis
Cat scratch disease
Chikungunya virus
Cryptococcosis
Cryptosporidiosis
Cutaneous larval migrans
Dengue
Dermatophytosis
Eastern equine encephalitis
Ehrlichiosis/anaplasmosis
E. coli, Shiga toxin-producing
Giardiasis
Hantavirus
Herpes B virus
Histoplasmosis
Hookworm (cat, dog)
Influenza A, novel virus
La Crosse virus
Leptospirosis
Listeriosis
Lyme disease
Lymphocytic choriomeningitis virus
Malaria
Methicillin-resistant S. aureus
Monkeypox
Orf
Plague
Powassan
Psittacosis
Q fever
Rabies
Rat-bite fever
Ringworm
St. Louis encephalitis
Salmonellosis
Sporotrichosis
Spotted fever rickettsiosis
Toxocariasis
Toxoplasmosis
Trichinellosis
Tuberculosis
Tularemia
Viral hemorrhagic fever
Visceral larval migrans
West Nile virus
Yellow fever
Yersiniosis
Zika virus
 
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

People at higher risk:

Some people are more likely to get disease from animals or develop more severe disease due to having a weaker or immature immune system.  People at high risk include:

  • Organ transplant recipients
  • People being treated with drugs that compromise the immune system such as therapies for cancer or immune-mediated diseases (e.g., lupus, rheumatoid arthritis)
  • People with HIV/AIDS
  • Elderly people
  • Pregnant women
  • Children under 5 years of age

Pregnant women should take special precautions to avoid infection with toxoplasmosis and lymphocytic choriomeningitis virus (LCMV).

  • Toxoplasmosis can be transmitted through contact with cat feces or environments that have been contaminated with cat feces (i.e., gardens).
  • LCMV can be carried by apparently healthy mice and hamsters, and pregnant women should avoid contact with them and their environment.

Additional information on people at higher risk for zoonotic diseases can be found on the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC)'s website.

News


Oral Rabies Vaccination Campaign
To protect Ohioans and their domestic animals from a new strain of rabies in wild raccoons, ODH and other state and local agencies partner with the U.S. Department of Agriculture to immunize wild raccoons for rabies using an oral rabies vaccine.
VIEW MORE NEWS about news related with Zoonotic Disease Program

Video


Video: How to Catch a Bat.

Produced by Public Health Seattle & King County.

External Resources

Healthy Pets and People

Animals in Schools and Day Care Settings

Stay Healthy at Animal Exhibits

Animals in Healthcare Settings

Travelers' Health: Be Safe Around Animals

Ohio Department of Agriculture: Division of Animal Health

Get in touch

Ohio Department of Health
Bureau of Infectious Diseases
Zoonotic Disease Program

Address: 246 N. High St.
                Columbus, OH  43215

Phone: (614) 752-1029

Fax: (614) 564-2437

E-mail: Zoonoses@odh.ohio.gov

Monday - Friday 8:00 AM to 5:00 PM